Gear Pumps in Bin Lorries!

As the sun rises over the city, the streets come alive with the familiar symphony of rubbish collection. While most people may overlook the process of waste disposal, it’s a crucial aspect of keeping our cities clean and functional. One product that plays a vital role in this operation is the gear pump in bin lorries. In this blog, we will take a look into the world of gear pumps and discover how these unassuming devices power the efficient waste management system we often take for granted.

Gear pumps are a type of positive displacement pump widely used in various industries for transferring liquids. In the context of bin lorries, these pumps serve as the heart of the hydraulic system responsible for lifting and compacting waste.

A gear pump consists of two meshing gears—typically helical or spur in design—enclosed within a housing. As the gears rotate, they create chambers of varying sizes, which draw in and expel the waste fluid, thus generating a continuous flow of liquid.

In waste management trucks, gear pumps perform a range of critical functions that enable smooth and efficient operations:

Waste Collection

When the rubbish collectors activate the hydraulic system, the gear pump powers the lifting mechanism. The pump’s ability to generate high pressure allows it to lift heavy loads of waste into the truck’s container with ease.

Waste Compaction

After collecting waste from numerous bins, the truck’s capacity is maximised by compacting the rubbish. Gear pumps maintain constant pressure, ensuring consistent compaction, thereby reducing the number of trips needed to empty the vehicle.

Precise Control

The hydraulic system’s ability to control the gear pump’s speed enables rubbish collectors to handle waste collection in narrow or crowded spaces, ensuring the safety of pedestrians and property.

The Advantages of Gear Pumps in Bin Lorries


Gear pumps are renowned for their robust construction and ability to withstand harsh conditions. The demanding nature of waste collection requires components that can handle frequent operation and occasional overloads, making gear pumps the perfect choice.

High Efficiency

With their straightforward design, gear pumps offer high volumetric efficiency, meaning they move a significant amount of fluid with minimal energy loss. This reduces fuel consumption for the waste management fleet, contributing to a more sustainable operation.

Low Maintenance

Gear pumps are relatively simple devices with fewer moving parts, resulting in reduced maintenance needs and overall operational costs.

Overcoming Challenges: Noise and Vibration

Despite their numerous advantages, gear pumps can generate noise and vibration during operation. However, advancements in engineering and material technologies have significantly minimized these issues. Manufacturers now produce quieter and smoother gear pumps, ensuring a quieter waste collection process that causes minimal disturbance to residents.

Next time you hear the distant rumble of a bin lorry making its rounds, take a moment to appreciate the unsung hero that powers this crucial service—the gear pump. As an integral part of the waste management process, these unassuming devices play a significant role in keeping our cities clean, efficient, and environmentally friendly. So, the next time you see a rubbish collector at work, you’ll know that a powerful gear pump is making it all possible behind the scenes.